Menopause is a necessary part of a woman’s life. But sometimes it happens sooner than expected. And it is not without consequences, whether from a physical or psychological point of view. What difference with a menopause?
What are the symptoms? We take stock
The Menopause affects all women, usually between 45 and 55 years. This is a must, marked by the cessation of menstruation and the cessation of ovulation.
But for 1 in 100 women, menopause occurs before 40 years. This is called early menopause (or premature ovarian failure – IOP), a condition that triggers the cessation of ovarian functioning.
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What causes early menopause?
The causes are many and differ from one patient to another: chemotherapy, radiation, autoimmune disease or endocrine dysfunction.
It can also be caused by viral infections (chickenpox, rubella, mumps), or be due to a case of anorexia nervosa or smoking. But in 85% of cases, its origin remains unknown.
This disease can have many consequences, starting with difficulties to conceive. Early menopause does deprive the women of ovarian secretions, which greatly to fertility.
But that’s not the only problem with this pathology, which also leads to increased risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis.
Finally, we must not neglect the emotional and psychological impact that this pathology can bring. Mood disorders, sleep, eating disorders, depression … So many problems that can arise from early menopause.
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Early menopause symptoms
The first symptom of early menopause is the absence of rules or the fact of having irregular cycles, although these signs can go unnoticed among people taking the pill.
It is also noted the occurrence of hot flashes, one of the most common symptoms of this disease.
If in doubt, do not hesitate to talk to a gynecologist, who will confirm (or not) his diagnosis through a hormonal balance that controls the rate of FSH (hormone follicle-stimulating) and hormone luteinizing (LH ).
How to Treat Early Menopause?
To every problem, its treatment. On the other hand, if you want to get pregnant, estrogens must be provided by hormone replacement therapy, which must continue from diagnosis to the physiological age of menopause, about 50 years.
Moreover, an assessment of bone health (optometry) is performed, to possibly prescribe an anti-osteoporosis treatment, as well as vitamin D supplements, which promote the absorption of calcium by the bones.
Some women prefer to use alternative medicine techniques such as homeopathy or phytoestrogens (found in soybean and linseed).
Of course, for the treatment to be most effective, a healthy lifestyle is recommended: the diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, stopping smoking and exercise. The fact of this you have to need doctor consultant Early menopause when the end of menstruation arrives too early.